Sunday, May 19, 2013
Friday, May 17, 2013
Thursday, May 16, 2013
Xiaozhai tiankeng – the largest doline on earth
A tiankeng is also known as a giant collapsed doline or sinkhole although the word is Chinese for sky hole or heavenly pit. The name was proposed by a Chinese geologist in the 1990s, since there was no terminology for the unique geological phenomenon. Giant collapsed dolines are defined as tiankengs if they are more than 100m deep and wide. However, they are defined as giant tiankengs if they are more than 500m deep and wide. In general, the majority of tiankengs are found in the karst regions of the drainage basins of the Yangtze and Peal rivers in southwestern China. These areas are very remote and therefore it was not until the mid 1990s that the tiankengs were discovered and received their unique name.
With a depth of 662m, a width of 527m and a 119 million cubic meter capacity Xiaozhai tiankeng is the largest giant tiankeng on the planet. Its enormity is quite hard to imagine (here you can get an impression of just how big Xiaozhai is compared to a Boeing 747: http://bit.ly/183oD1W) The doline, located in the Chongqing Municipality of southwest China was discovered by scientists in 1994. Among locals the doline has been known since ancient time, Xiaozhai is actually the name of an closeby abandoned village and translates as little village.
Xiaozhai consists of two so-called steps: an upper doline of 320m depth and a lower of 342m depth with vertical walls which are separated by a sloping ridge. During rainy weather these steps display a waterfall. The tiankeng formed several 10,000 years ago after the collapse of lower Triassic limestone Difeng cave which in turn is due to karst processes in carbonate (in this case very pure limestone) rocks. Underneath the sinkhole the underground Migong river flows for more than 8km during which it drops elevation 364m. The bottom of the tiankeng is the only location where the underground river shows itself.
In addition, Xiaozhai Tiankeng displays a rare biodiversity with over 1285 plant species and animals such as the clouded leopard walking around the bottom of the pit. For another good impression of the enormity of this doline and extreme base jumping you could do here, watch the following video http://bit.ly/13z7igf. (Beware of and also annoy yourself with energy drink promotion):
Image: http://bit.ly/1071M3I. Unfortunately a good impression of the scale of Xiaozhai tiankeng is hard to find.
www.chinapictorial.com.cn/en/ destination/txt/2012-02/01/ content_423153.htm
archive/ print_save.php?Type=publication &PubID=3289
Tornadoes Hit North Texas
Yesterday evening, the north Texas area just southwest of Dallas/Fort Worth was hit by a series of devastating tornadoes. At least 10 tornadoes were reported.
The cities of Granbury, 35 miles southwest of Fort Worth, and Cleburne, a suburb of south Fort Worth were hardest hit. Preliminary damage surveys indicate the Granbury tornado was an EF-4 on the Enhanced Fujita scale, with winds in the range of 165-200 mph (266-322 km/hr). Cleburne was hit by an EF-3 tornado (136-165 mph, or 219-265 km/hr). At least 100 injuries and 6 deaths are attributed to the storms, with 7 people still missing.
The photo below shows what is left of a house that was hit by the tornado in Granbury. Granbury is a town of around 8,000 people. For radar images and more damage pictures, visit the link below:
Our thoughts are with those affected by yesterday's storms.
Image credit National Weather Service Fort Worth
A number of people, working in and around the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun have commented on the low hum which is emitted from the structure. It’s also been noted that people who meditate or sit quietly with their eyes closed, in or around the pyramid, can detect this sound and have more profound meditative experiences. Conventional science has written this off as sound emitted from the local town (street traffic), or echos from inside the mountain.
Recently, Professor Paolo Debertolis, from the University of Trieste, Italy, conducted sound testing, and recordings at the pyramid. Here is a brief description of what he discovered;
The low frequencies and infrasounds found on the Pyramid of the Sun explain very clearly the sensation of mysticism which some people perceive in this place and how it’s very easy for those practicing meditation to apply this technique at this site. We can suppose that these frequencies are probably coming from a nearby earth fault and are concentrated by the pyramid shape. In fact there are no similar frequencies in the surrounding hills. There is an ongoing debate that the Old Town on the top had or was also a monastery, but all historians agree it was the location where many important historic documents of medieval Bosnia were written and signed. So it was a place where wisdom, culture and attention was common, helped by this good natural environment.
I have one of Dr. Debertolis’s sound Mp3 files that you can download for listening. I suggest wearing headphones for better quality reproduction. Also note that this is an unedited recording, and there are parts which have dogs barking in the background and what sounds like flies around the mircophones.
This is a wonderful discovery, and shows that the pyramid was formed around a natural fault line – and shaped by ancient man to enhance the acoustic properties of the emissions. How these emission were used is left for further analysis.
This is the article: http://www.piramidasunca.ba/
eng/latest-news/item/ 8623-low-frequencies-and-infras ounds-on-the-bosnian-pyramid-o f-the-sun.html
Note: as a precaution, I would not suggest driving while listening to this recording. We do not understand the technology behind these emission and their effect on the human body. Here's the recording:http://audioboo.fm/boos/
-Cliff — Unusual Sound Emissions Recorded at Bosnia Pyramid (7 photos)
History and Haunting of :
Victoria Park , Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Victoria park on the southern side of the street, the adjacent playing fields and the golf course opposite would have been filled with up to 5000 people milling about. you would have seen the whole spectacle lit with thousands of torches, car headlights, television lights and the hell fire glow of burning oil, spread over the small ornamental lake in the park. This was not a revolution or a religious rite - it was Brisbane's reaction to a reported sighting of the Ghost of Victoria park.
On the previous Saturday evening two school boys walking through the pedestrian underpass beneath the railway lines that run through the park claimed that a ghost had come out of the stone wall of the underpass and chased them. They described it as a 'misty bluish white thing' that looked like a human torso with no head, no arms and no legs below the knee. One of the boys had to be treated for shock at nearby Royal Brisbane Hospital. All this was reported in the next morning’s newspapers and Brisbane was instantly plunged into the grip of Ghost Mania.
Every night thereafter for more than a week, huge crowds gathered in the park and surrounding area in the hope of catching a glimpse of the ghost.
And what of the ghost? Was there one? Is there one? Well, observers in 1903 described it as looking like a 3 meter tall nun in a grey habit. in 1922 and 1932 it was described simply as a shimmering grey form. If we accept the school boys description in 1965 and assume it is the same specter, it seems she, he or it, has lost some bits between 1903 and 1965. Two theories were put forward in 1965 to identify the specter. One was that it was the ghost of a vagrant named Walter Hall who had been beaten to death with a bottle and his body dumped in the lake in 1952. The other suggested it was a Swede, Karl David Dinass, who was a suspect in a brutal murder case in 1960 and who committed suicide by throwing himself in front of a train near the underpass. Neither theory takes into account the earlier sightings of the ghost.
All has been quiet in Victoria Park for the past 30 plus years. Perhaps major renovations to the underpass in 1984 scared the ghost away or maybe its just biding its time and getting ready to make another appearance.
"Endling" might just be the loneliest term in the English language. An endling is the last member of a species or subspecies, and when this lone individual dies its species is extinct.
Several endlings have been recorded in recent times. Martha, the last passenger pigeon, died in 1914 in Cincinnatti Zoo. She was the last of a species that had numbered several billion before Europeans arrived in North America. Human actions are a oft-repeated theme in the story of endlings.
The animal in the photo is Benjamin, the last thylacine (or Tasmanian Tiger). Benjamin - who may have actually been female - lived out his days in Hobart Zoo. On the 7th of September, 1936, Benjamin died due to neglect. Other species endlings have included the last quagga and the Caspian tiger, though there are certainly more we don't know of.
Perhaps the most well-known recent endling is the Pinta Island giant tortoise Lonesome George, who died on 24th June last year. George's status as an endling may be rescinded in time; DNA from 17 hybrid tortoises indicates that they have some genetic material from George's subspecies. Given tortoises' long lifespans, the researchers have hope that the hybrids' parents may still be alive somewhere on the Galápagos islands. Unless these purebred specimens are found (if they are still alive), Lonesome George holds a special place as our most famous and recent endling.
A video of Benjamin is available here: http://bit.ly/YJjZ6h
Photo: Thylacine at Hobart Zoo, 1928. Credit to the Australian Museum,http://bit.ly/11EwQuH.
fennerschool-associated.anu.edu .au/environhist/links/ publications/reviews/pdfs/ robin-rev1.pdf
news.nationalgeographic.co.uk/ news/2012/11/ 121116-lonesome-george-not-exti nct-galapagos-tortoise-science /
Wednesday, May 15, 2013
Mayan Elders Hunbatz Men, and Don Alejandro Cirilo Perez Oxlaj (through an interpreter) told me they were deeply sadden by the destruction of Noh Mul, a 2,500+ ancient city (Pyramid and citadel) in Belize this week. These are sacred to the Maya who live in the area - and accounts for a specific resonance (energy grid) in that part of the world. The majority of the main center was destroyed and quarried for the nearby highway which is under construction. http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/
index.php/archives/05/2013/ no-more-noh-mul-contractor-bull dozes-mayan-temple
Monday, May 13, 2013
CAVE OF CRYSTAL GIANTS, MEXICO
Hidden underneath the Earth are some amazing natural wonders that remain undiscovered.
Hidden underneath the Earth are some amazing natural wonders that remain undiscovered.
The Cave of Crystal Giants, home to the world's largest known crystals, was discovered only13 years ago, when silver and lead miners in Naica, Mexico accidentally mined into this cave
300m below the Earth.
protective clothing, even using cold-air respirators. This is due to the fact that once one
travels through the earth's crust, the temperature skyrockets to 44.4 degrees Celsius (112
degrees Fahrenheit) with near 100% humidity. This causes the perceived temperature to be
upwards of 105 degrees Celsius (228F), which would be rapidly fatal without protective
gear. The strange temperatures are due to a proximate magma chamber beneath the cave.
These moderate to extreme conditions, amongst other factors, are what allows these
massive crystals to grow.
crystals".The crystals are made of selenite, or a form of crystallized gypsum. The crystals found in
This Naica cave formed over the span of a few hundred thousand years in a mineral laden,
consistently hot water solution. Large and small crystals are formed alike, and the entire
cave is filled with them such that walking in the cave is impossible without stepping on
Crystallographers have determined the path of formation of these record-breaking crystals.
The answer to their size lies in isolation. While the rest of the world was experiencing
volcanic eruptions, continental shifts, monumental uplift…this cave was left undisturbed in
its conditions for hundreds of thousands of years. Water was consistently a stable 58
degrees Celsius (136F), and calcium sulfate was consistently filtered, heated, crystallized
into selenite. Molecule upon molecule of crystallized selenite were laid upon each other in
the same scientific process for millennia, creating a unique display of colossal crystals - the
largest humanity has ever seen. But as with many natural discoveries, the introduction to
humanity proved disadvantageous to the crystal growth.
For thousands of years, selenite crystal growth remained undisturbed. However, as miners
began to lower the water level beneath the earth's crust in this area in 1985, conditions
began to change in this undiscovered cave that have been unchanged since its existence. In
addition, due to lower water levels, the cave is no longer underwater, meaning the
necessary high temperatures for crystal growth have disappeared, and are decreasing by the
year. The process of crystallized accretion has officially come to a halt, yet the existent Cave
of Crystal Giants and their record-breaking crystals remains a stunning geological feature to
man. Yet, the phrase "record-breaking" must be used tentatively - who knows when the
next discovery of the world's "largest" crystals will be found?
-- Sam J.